Building the Pipeline: The Creation of a Residency Training Pathway for Future Physician Leaders in Health Care Quality.
Many health care organizations seek physicians to lead quality improvement (QI) efforts, yet struggle to find individuals with the necessary expertise. Although most residency programs incorporate QI and patient safety principles into their curricula, few provide a specialized training program for residents exploring careers as physician leaders in quality.
Recognizing this training void, the authors designed and implemented the Healthcare Leadership in Quality (HLQ) track for residents at the University of Pennsylvania Health System in 2010. This longitudinal, two-year graduate medical education (GME) track aligns with the quality goals of the University of Pennsylvania Health System and includes a core curriculum, integration into an interprofessional health care leadership team that is accountable for quality and safety outcomes on a hospital unit, a capstone QI project, and mentorship.
Early evaluation has demonstrated the feasibility and efficacy of the track diverse graduate medical education training programs. Using Yardley and Dornan's interpretation of the Kirkpatrick framework, the authors have demonstrated the track's impact on four levels of educational and organizational outcomes.
Building on their early experiences, the authors are integrating project and time management skills into the core curriculum, and they are focusing more effort on faculty development in QI mentorship. Additionally, the authors plan to follow HLQ track graduates to determine whether they seek leadership roles in quality and safety and to assess the influence of the program on their careers.